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Social Sciences

 Preamble to Clean City- enlist the Legal Provisions/Acts/Public Amendments for a Clean Environment

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The need for environmental protection has brought about the international recognition of the right to a clean environment expressed in various international declarations and resolutions. In order to implement the right to a clean environment, it must be reflected in national constitutions and laws of individual states. India and Tanzania serve as examples here for an analysis of the problems in implementing and enforcing the right to a clean environment. Ratifying international agreements on environmental issues, India included the right to clean environment in ist constitution. It is clearly stated in the Directive Principles. The states of India have to comply with these Directive Principles when making laws. The Directive Principles" are, however, not enforceable in court. Various case studies show that the right to a clean environment can be enforced by linking it, for example, with the right to life enshrined in the Indian constitution. The importance of public interest litigation groups is shown. The constitution of Tanzania does not state the right to a clean environment. It contains, however, some environmental provisions. But these are too general and very difficult to enforce. Despite the environmental provisions in the constitutions of both India and Tanzania, the laws remain inadequate and the difficulties in enforcing them persist and with it the environmental problems.

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