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Lucille Washington

What are acids?Answer:- Acid is a substance that turns blue litmus red and is generally sour in taste.​

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The substances that are sour in taste and turn blue litmus red are called acids.

Acids are compounds having a greater tendency to giving a proton or gaining a pair of electrons.

The characteristics of the acid include:

  • Sour or sharp in taste.
  • Turn blue litmus into the red.
  • Reacts with bases and alkalis to form salts and water.
  • The pH of acids ranges below 7 on the pH scale.

Examples include Acetic Acid, Hydrochloric acid, Citric acid, Formic acid, Nitric acid, Sulphuric acid, etc.

Learn more: Acids and bases

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