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what was the problem solving process and how it was used in the Texas revolution

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In 1825, the legislatures of the states of Coahuila and Texas passed a law that provided settlers from the United States with the opportunity to obtain land plots at a low price, with payments made in installments, and also provided tax exemption for a period of ten years. The number of colonists increased rapidly and by the mid-1830s there were already more than 30 thousand Americans living in Texas. Now their number was about 4 times higher than the actual Mexican population, which was 7800 people.

But in 1829, under President Vicente Guerrero, a law was passed in Mexico abolishing the slavery of Negroes, which was the norm among American immigrants. In 1836, there were 5,000 Negro slaves in Texas. In addition, in 1830, the Mexican Congress banned immigration from the United States to the border states of Mexico. This policy of the Mexican government caused discontent among the residents of Texas and served as a pretext for the War of Independence.

On October 2, 1835, 150 Texans under the command of John Henry Moore clashed with a detachment of Mexican cavalry (100 men) near the city of Gonzales, which led to the outbreak of hostilities. At first, the Texans did not have a regular army, their detachments consisted exclusively of volunteers. A more serious clash took place on October 28, 1835 at the Battle of Concepcion, in which 90 Texans under the command of Stephen Austin and 450 Mexicans (300 dragoons, 100 infantry, 2 guns), led by Colonel Domingo Ugartechea, took part; The Texans repulsed the attacks of superior Mexican forces, with only one Texan, Richard Andrews, killed, and the Mexicans lost 14-76 people killed.

On October 12, Stephen Austin's detachment (about 600 Texans) besieged the Mexican city of San Antonio de Bejar, which was defended by 1,200 soldiers of the Mexican army under the command of Xhosa. After some time, Austin left for the United States to enlist their support, and the siege was led by General Edward Burleson, who launched several successful attacks on the city. On December 11, the Mexican garrison, suffering from a shortage of provisions, capitulated; the Mexican artillery and most of the hand weapons went to the Texans.

On October 9, the Texans captured the small town of Goliad, where the Declaration of Independence of Texas was proclaimed on December 10.

One of the reasons for the Texas rebels' victories was their use of hunting rifles, the sighting range of which was much greater than that of the outdated Brown Bess muskets with which the Mexican army was armed.

The defeats inspired the Texans to create a regular army, which was led by Sam Houston.

On April 21, 1836, a decisive battle took place between the Texan and Mexican armies at San Jacinto (near present-day La Porte). The Mexicans were commanded directly by General Santa Anna. Most of the Texan officers at a meeting in the morning decided to defend themselves and wait for the attack of the Santa Anna army, but Sam Houston insisted on attacking the Mexicans first, and received approval of his plan from Texas Secretary of War Thomas Jefferson Rusk. Trying to move quickly and silently, about 800 Texan soldiers approached the camp of the Mexican army and suddenly attacked it with shouts of "Remember the Alamo!" and "Remember Goliad!" (later the expression "Remember the Alamo!" became winged). The Mexicans (about 1,400 men) were caught off guard and poorly prepared for close combat, which led them to a quick defeat. Mexican General Manuel Fernandez Castrillon died trying to organize his men for defense against the Texans, most of the Mexicans began to surrender. Soon the remnants of the Mexican army — 400 men under the command of General Juan Almonte — capitulated. The total result of the battle, which lasted only 18 minutes, was a complete rout of the Mexicans (who lost 630 men killed, 208 wounded and 730 captured; the Texans lost 9 killed and 26 wounded). Santa Anna escaped, but was soon discovered and captured.

General Vicente Filisola, commander of the part of the Mexican army that did not participate in the battle of San Jacinto, gave the order to return to Mexico City, despite the protests of Urrea, who believed that only Santa Anna was defeated, but not Mexico, and that it was necessary to continue the war.

On May 14, 1836, Texas officials and General Santa Anna, who was still in captivity, signed a treaty of independence in the city of Velasco. The treaty provided for the cessation of hostilities, the redeployment of Mexican troops south of the Rio Grande, the return of captured property by Mexico and the exchange of prisoners of war; in exchange, Santa Anna received the opportunity to return to Mexico as soon as he deemed it appropriate (this clause of the treaty was violated by the Texans).

However, the Mexican government did not ratify the treaty, leaving the question of Texas' independence open (while the western part of modern Texas continued to have an unclear legal status). The state of war between Texas and Mexico continued until its annexation by the United States on December 29, 1845.

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