# A student investigated whether ants dig more tunnels in the light or in the dark. She thought that ants used the filtered light that penetrated the upper layers of earth and would dig more tunnels during the daytime. Ten ant colonies were set up in commercial ant farms with the same number and type of ants per ant farm. The same amount of food was given to each colony, and the colonies were in the same temperature. Five of the colonies were exposed to normal room light and five were covered with black construction paper so they did not receive light. Every other day for three weeks the length of the tunnels was measured in millimeter using a string and a ruler. Averages for the light and dark groups for each measured were then computed. The averages are listed in the following chart. Which of the following is the dependent variable?1. length of the tunnels2. temperature3. number of ant colonies4. day or night time

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Length of the tunnels is the dependent variable

DEPENDENT VARIABLE:

• The dependent variable of an experiment is the variable that the experimenter measures or records.
• The dependent variable is also called the responding variable because it responds to the changes made to the independent variable.
• In this question, a student investigated whether ants dig more tunnels in the light or in the dark. The time of the day is the independent variable while the length of the tunnels that was measured by the student is the dependent variable.
• Therefore, the length of the tunnels is the dependent variable.