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Show that diagonals of a square are equal and bisect each other at right angle .​

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Answer:

Given that ABCD is a square.

To prove : AC=BD and AC and BD bisect each other at right angles.

Proof:

(i)  In a ΔABC and ΔBAD,

AB=AB ( common line)

BC=AD ( opppsite sides of a square)

∠ABC=∠BAD ( = 90° )

ΔABC≅ΔBAD( By SAS property)

AC=BD ( by CPCT).

(ii) In a ΔOAD and ΔOCB,

AD=CB ( opposite sides of a square)

∠OAD=∠OCB ( transversal AC )

∠ODA=∠OBC ( transversal BD )

ΔOAD≅ΔOCB (ASA property)

OA=OC ---------(i)

Similarly OB=OD ----------(ii)

From (i) and (ii)  AC and BD bisect each other.

Now in a ΔOBA and ΔODA,

OB=OD ( from (ii) )

BA=DA

OA=OA  ( common line )

ΔAOB=ΔAOD----(iii) ( by CPCT

∠AOB+∠AOD=180°  (linear pair)

2∠AOB=180°

∠AOB=∠AOD=90°

∴AC and BD bisect each other at right angles.

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Eliseevna
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