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Adolf Eichmann, a Nazi lieutenant colonel who oversaw many of the atrocities of World War II, wrote just a few days before he was executed in 1962 for his crimes, “I was not a responsible leader, and as such do not feel myself guilty.… There is a need to draw a line between the leaders responsible and the people like me forced to serve as mere instruments in the hands of the leaders.” He pleaded that his accusers were “not able to empathize with the time and situation in which I found myself during the war years.”(i) Adolf Eichmann was condemned for being a moral monster. From his writings, do you think his behavior is a result of his dispositional traits?(ii) Name the perspective that would justify his actions (iii) Define this perspective (iv) Eichmann’s behavior was seen to be relatively more as a result of the influence of ___________ factors.This is a question based on class 12 NCERT psychology chapter 1: Variation in Psychological Attributes. ​

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In summary, this is a book about the predictability and coherence of behavior as seen from the perspective of modern experimental and cognitive social psychology. We begin with the history of research suggesting that situational factors often prove to be more powerful determinants of behavior that the vast majority of us—scientists and laypeople alike—would have guessed. Implicit in this situationist lesson is the suggestion that people from different backgrounds, people with different beliefs, even people with apparently different personalities, must understand and react to some situations rather uniformly.

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