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Answer:

Answer:

Let P and Q be two vectors acting simultaneously at a point and represented both in magnitude and direction by two adjacent sides OA and OD of a parallelogram OABD as shown in figure.

Let θ be the angle between P and Q and R be the resultant vector. Then, according to parallelogram law of vector addition, diagonal OB represents the resultant of P and Q.

So, we have

R = P + Q

Now, expand A to C and draw BC perpendicular to OC.

From triangle OCB,

In triangle ABC,

Also,

Magnitude of resultant:

Substituting value of AC and BC in (i), we get

which is the magnitude of resultant.

Direction of resultant: Let ø be the angle made by resultant R with P. Then,

From triangle OBC,

which is the direction of resultant.

97

McLaughlin

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