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Write a note on types of flora and fauna​

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The ecosystem is a complex, interconnected network comprising biotic and abiotic elements. Biotic elements include all living organisms such as plants, animals and microorganisms. Abiotic components, on the other hand, include non-living entities that are vital for the survival of life and these include soil, water, climate, etc. Among all biotic elements, Flora and Fauna are the most fascinating ones.

Let us have a detailed look at the flora and fauna meaning and their importance.

Flora Meaning

The term flora in Latin means “Goddess of the Flower.” Flora is a collective term for a group of plant life found in a particular region. The whole plant kingdom is represented by this name.

Fauna Meaning

Fauna represents the animal life indigenous to a region. There are many explanations regarding the origin of the word. As per Roman mythology, Fauna or “Faunus” is the name of the goddess of fertility. Another source is “Fauns” which means “Forest spirits

Some examples of flora include- grasslands, forests, flowering and non-flowering plants and trees. A few examples of fauna include- birds, animals, fish, insects, etc.

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