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Cro - Magnon lifestyle

Cro - Magnon lifestyle

Early representatives of modern man were called Cro-Magnons. If you make an external description of a Cro-Magnon, then he will turn out to be similar to a modern person, except that they did not have a division into races.

Features of settlement

The name “Cro-Magnon” comes from a rock grotto in southwestern France. In 1868, in the Cro-Magnon grotto, paleontologist Louis Larte discovered many skeletons and tools of the Upper Paleolithic period. Their age was estimated at 30 thousand years.

Cro - Magnon

There is a version that Cro-Magnons appeared in East Africa, in Ethiopia, about 130 thousand years ago and 50 thousand years ago began to settle in Eurasia, starting with the Arabian Peninsula. They entered Europe through the Caucasus and from there moved to France, for example.

Over the past 150 years, the remains of Cro-Magnons have been found in different countries and localities, which are conveniently presented in the form of a table “Cro-Magnons”:

Parking lot name : Location

  • Sungir : Vladimir region
  • Murzak-Koba : Crimea
  • Lepenski-Vir : Serbia
  • Dolni-Vestonice : Czech Republic, Moravia
  • Denisova Cave : Altai Territory
  • Mezinskaya parking lot : Chernihiv region of Ukraine
Each of the above sites is interesting with some unusual finds. For example, unusual bone products were found at the Mezinskaya parking lot, which can be considered the most ancient musical instruments. The noisy bracelet was a kind of analogue of modern castanets.
Cro-Magnon lifestyle

Features of everyday life

They were able to make tools out of stone, horn and bone. The walls of the caves were decorated with drawings, animals, hunting scenes, people and animals were painted, they made various ornaments.

Cro-Magnons lived in communities of 20-100 people and were able to create the first permanent settlements in history. They had articulate speech, they could convey a message verbally, but not write it down. Cro-Magnons lived in a tribal society and tamed a dog to protect the dwelling. Their dwellings were made of various materials:

  • Tents made of skins.
  • Huts made of stone slabs.
  • Dugouts.
  • Caves.

Judging by the paintings of the dwellings, the Cro-Magnons had a cult of hunting. They also had funeral rites. Food, jewelry and household items could be put in the grave. They could shower a dead person with red ochre and put jewelry on their hands.

The oldest furnace in the world, which was used for firing ceramic figurines, was found in the parking lot in Dolni Vestonice in Moravia (Czech Republic). The oldest ceramic statuette in the world, the Vestonitskaya Venus, was also found there.
Cro-Magnons lifestyle
What have we learned?

The Cro–Magnon lifestyle was quite advanced in comparison with the previous human species - the Neanderthal. The Cro-Magnons had various innovations in burial, dwelling, speech, construction of dwellings and villages.

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